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Phytophthora pluvialis attacks UK Trees

Phytophthora pluvialis  (C) Forestry Journal

 Phytophthora pluvialis A New Disease attacking Our Trees and Woodlands

 

Phytothora pulvin

Phytophthora pluvialis in an English woodland

Phytophthora pluvialis, is a fungus-like pathogen known to affect a variety of trees including western hemlock, tanoak, pine (Pinus radiata, Pinus patula and Pinus strobus) and Douglas-fir. It was originally reported in Oregon, USA in 2013 on tanoak and Douglas fir and was subsequently identified as the pathogen responsible for ’red needle cast’ of radiata pine in New Zealand.

Phytophthora pluvialis was discovered in a woodland in Cornwall in September 2021, where it was found to be affecting mature western hemlock and Douglas-fir trees. Following extensive surveillance, further outbreaks have been found in Cornwall, Devon, Cumbria and on one site in the north-west of Scotland and at three sites in Wales. For further information on the Scotland finding and management approach, please visit the Scottish Forestry website. For further information on the findings in Wales, please visit the Welsh Government website.

PHY pul 1

Phytophthora pluvialis  on bark

Symptoms

Phytophthora pluvialis is known to cause needle cast, shoot dieback, and lesions on the stem, branches, and roots.

Read the symptom guide (PDF, 1.76 MB, 5 pages) which illustrates some of the symptomatic trees from which Phytophthora pluvialis has been detected in the UK.

Reporting Sightings

Please remain vigilant for signs of Phytophthora pluvialis. If you think you have spotted signs of this disease anywhere in Great Britain, then please tell us using TreeAlert.

Report suspected sightings in Northern Ireland using Treecheck, the all-Ireland tree pest reporting tool.

Phyto in welsh woodland

First Welsh case of new tree disease discovered in Gwynedd

The Plant Health (Phytophthora pluvialis) Demarcated Area Notices

A risk assessment has been done by the UK Plant Health Risk Group, which has concluded that Phytophthora pluvialis meets the criteria to be classified as a GB quarantine pest for regulatory purposes. To protect England against this disease, under powers conferred by The Official Controls (Plant Health and Genetically Modified Organisms) (England) Regulations 2019, the Forestry Commission has introduced demarcated areas around the confirmed outbreak sites, and introduced movement restrictions on materials capable of spreading the disease using notices. Two demarcated areas are currently in place:

Demarcated Area No.6 Notice comes into force on 27 January 2022 replacing the Notice No.4 (PDF, 287 KB, 5 pages) which was issued on 3 December 2021 and applies to parts of Cornwall and Devon. The Demarcated Area No.6 (PDF, 559 KB, 1 page) covers parts of Cornwall and Devon within the boundaries shown in the demarcated area and within Notice No.6 (PDF, 294 KB, 5 pages), which also contains a description of the boundary

Phytophthora pluvialis 1

Phytophthora pluvialis  on young branch

Demarcated Area No.7 Notice comes into force on 27 January 2022 replacing the Notice No.5 (PDF, 290 KB, 5 pages) which was issued on 3 December 2021 and applies to parts of Cumbria. The Demarcated Area No.7 (PDF, 479 KB, 1 page) covers parts of Cumbria within the boundaries shown in the demarcated area and within the Notice No.7 (PDF, 242 KB, 4 pages), which also contains a description of the boundary

The Notices prohibit the movement of any wood, isolated bark and trees (including live trees, felled or fallen trees, fruit, seeds, leaves or foliage) of the genus Tsuga, Pseudotsuga, Pinus and Notholithocarpus, that has originated within the demarcated area.

Provision is made within the Notices to enable plant health inspectors to authorize movements and processing of material from the demarcated area, where this can be achieved without risking the spread of Phytophthora pluvialis.

The Notices also now include an additional restriction on the felling of susceptible material within the demarcated areas, unless the Forestry Commission has been notified in writing in advance.

Landowners must provide notice of their intention to fell relevant material at least 14 days in advance of any felling in the demarcated areas. Felling may only commence once written authorization is provided to the Forestry Commission. For all enquiries, please contact: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

You can also request an authorisation for plants for planting and Christmas trees - please contact your local APHA inspector,  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Published 20 October 2021

Last updated 20 January 2022
 
Here is an excellent site on Phtytophthora diseases
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